Fiscal transparency is an important element in the effective management of public finances, and it helps in building the confidence of the general public in the work of public institutions, thus contributing to the sustainability in public policy implementation.. Transparency is also a window to the budget execution of the state, helping the general public to call the government to account. Assessment of the level of reactive and pro-active transparency aims at determining whether the government observes the basic criteria of transparent operations laid down in international and national standards. The process of assessment entails measuring of the scope of publicly available documents on budget and programme based operations of public institutions and assessment of whether the norms set out in the applicable Law on free Access to information of public character of the Republic of Macedonia is abided by.
Reactive transparency of institutions is measured on the basis of the analysis of procedure of Access to information of public character, separately for each institution. The operation of each institutions is assessed against five parameters: number of answers to requests provided in a regular procedure; number of partially answered requests; number of denied requests or suspended procedures by holder of information of public character; number of requests in respect of which holders of information have remained silent; and the average time for a response to filed requests in a regular and complaint procedure. Detailed information on the methodology of measuring this type of transparency is available in the publications explained bellow.
Pro-active transparency of institutions is measured by monitoring the disclosure of failure to disclose the key documents and information, such as: work strategy, annual work plan, draft and approved Budget, draft and approved closing balance, monthly and six monthly reports information on requests for free Access to information of public character, persons responsible for handling information of public character etc. Detailed information on the methodology for measuring this type of transparency is available in the publications explained bellow.
The Association ESE started applying the methodology for assessment of reactive and pro-active transparency in 2013, and put together three separate reports on the basis of the methodology. In 2014 we expanded the number of institutions and parameters of assessment. This procedure will be further applied developed and upgraded by the Association.
By measuring the level of reactive and pro-active transparency of public institutions in the Republic of Macedonia we aim to highlight public institutions which stand out in terms of transparency they exhibit and can serve as role models for the other institutions.
fiscaltransparency.org.mk (fiskalnatransparentnost.org.mk) systematizes and shows data on the assessment of the degree of pro-activity and reactivity exhibited by of public institutions in the Republic of Macedonia which are subject of interest in ESE's operations. The data presented in this section are obtained in a procedure of realization of the right of free Access to information of public character and ongoing monitoring of web sites of some of the public institutions.
Assessment of the degree of reactive and pro-active transparency of public institutions in RM: